Since 2005, a range of high level decision makers and women's rights networks have raised questions about whether the United Nations 'architecture' has the necessary capacity to make a difference to women's lives. One of the first such official documents raising this point was produced by an Independent Advisory Panel convened by the Consultative Committee of UNIFEM to assess the structural impediments to UNIFEM's ability to fulfill its mandate. The panel found that inadequate status, ambiguous authority and insufficient resources constrained UNIFEM's effectiveness. A clear pattern emerged of a gender equality architecture composed of "marginalised mechanisms that are established but hamstrung from adequately fulfilling their roles." The resource constraints identified were significant. While not strictly comparable, the report stated that according to 2003 data on staffing levels, UNICEF had 2,794 core staff, UNFPA had 980 core staff and UNIFEM had 47 core staff.
Female Professional Staff in the UN