UN Security Council Resolution 1888
Security Council resolution 1888 was adopted unanimously in September
2009, a year after resolution 1820,
and endeavours to strengthen it by establishing leadership, deploying expertise
and improving coordination among stakeholders involved in addressing conflict-related
Resolution 1888 specifically calls for the UN Secretary-General to:
- Appoint a Special Representative to provide coherent leadership
on combatting sexual violence; strengthen coordination of UN bodies; strengthen
advocacy efforts within the United Nations and among Member States, military
actors, judicial representatives and civil society; and strengthen UN awareness
and capacity on issues related to sexual violence, both at headquarters and
at the country level.
- Establish teams of experts for rapid deployment to situations
of particular concern to develop appropriate responses in areas such as rule
of law, security sector reform, criminal investigations, witness protection,
free and fair trials, public outreach, and civilian and military judicial
systems, to help prevent sexual violence and to strengthen the prosecution
- Identify Women Protection Advisors, where appropriate,
among gender advisors and human rights protection units to focus on the protection
needs of girls and women in specific contexts.
- Ensure more systematic reporting and additional briefings
to the Security Council on incidents and trends of sexual violence as well
as on measures to protect civilians from sexual violence within specific
- Identify responsible parties to armed conflict that are
credibly suspected of rape and other forms of sexual violence in situations
on the Security Council agenda.
Resolution 1888 further calls for:
- Engaging local and national leaders, including traditional
and religious leaders, to sensitize communities on sexual violence, assist
with social reintegration, and to combat a culture of impunity for these
- Increasing Security Council interaction with women and
women’s organizations about the needs and concerns of women and girls.
- Increasing the representation of women in both mediation
and decision-making processes, as well as in policy and military peacekeeping
- Including the issue of sexual violence at all stages of negotiations,
such as pre-ceasefire agreements (humanitarian access and human rights agreements),
ceasefires and ceasefire monitoring, demobilization and security sector reform
arrangements, justice, reparations and recovery.
- Ensuring the systematic mainstreaming of gender issues in
all peace operations.